Dog Hot Spots-Disease in Dogs

When you first get a dog, you never really think that down the road at some point your pet will get sick. Thankfully, most common canine ailments are readily treatable with medication, so dogs can live long happy lives as modern medicine keeps their illnesses at bay. Common dog illnesses that can be managed with medication include ear infections,heart disease, heartworm, kidney disease and arthritis. is an excellent resource for this.

Ear Infections


Ear infections are a very common treatable ailment that can affect dogs. Some breeds, especially those with large floppy or hairy ears, are more prone to these types of infections of the outer ear canal (otitis externa). Dogs with ear infections exhibit symptoms such as head shaking and ear scratching. Ears can also become inflamed, crusty, and malodorous. One medication used to treat ear infections is Mometamax Otic Solution. This medication is used to treat otitis externa caused by various strains of yeast and bacteria. Mometamax Otic Suspension contains gentamicin sulfate, mometasone furoate monohydrate, and clotrimazole in a mineral oil-base. For dogs weighing less than 30 pounds, four drops per day must be used for each infected ear. Dogs over 30 pounds should receive 8 drops per infected ear daily.

Heart Disease

One of the more serious dog ailments is congestive heart failure. This condition is caused by an abnormality in the function or structure of the heart, which leaves it unable to pump blood normally to the tissues of the body. This leads to fluid retention in the lungs and body cavities. This in turn causes congestive heart failure.

Benazepril hydrocloride is one of the medications used to treat congestive heart failure, high blood pressure and some types of kidney disease in dogs. It is an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor; a vasodilator and anti-hypertension agent. This means it dilates the veins and decreases fluid retention. Dosage is usually once daily, but it is necessary to follow your veterinarian's instructions as prescribed. Dogs taking this medication will usually need to remain on it for the rest of their lives.

Kidney Disease

Chronic renal (kidney) failure (CRF) is a common problem in all dog breeds. With CRF, the kidneys are unable to remove waste products cause by food digestion. This leads to the buildup of toxins in the blood. Symptoms of CRF include excessive thirst and urination, weakness, bad breath, uncoordinated walking, vomiting and lethargy.

CRF usually affects older pets, but if caught early enough, dogs with this disease can still live a comfortable life with medication. One such medication is Furosemide(Rx).Furosemide is a diuretic, which removes the excess body fluids that are a byproduct of CRF. This medication is available in tablet or liquid form. Dosage is usually one to three tablets per day as prescribed by your veterinarian. Pets that are dehydrated or have an electrolyte imbalance should not use this drug.


Heartworm (dirofilariasis) is a common yet deadly disease that is spread by a simple mosquito bite. When a mosquito bites an infected dog and then goes on to bite another dog,the infected larvae of the heartworms are passed on. Heartworms are essentially long white worms that live in the right side of the heart in the adjacent blood vessels of an infected dog. These worms impair blood circulation, which in turn damages the heart, lungs, liver and kidneys. These worms can be present long before any symptoms show up,so it is important to check for the disease before you see signs.


As with any disease, prevention is the best solution, so treatment with products such as Heartgard Plus is advised. Heartgard prevents heartworm disease by eliminating the tissue stage of heartworm larvae for 30 days. Heartgard Plus is a combination of the anti-parasitic drugs Ivermectin and Pyrantel Pamoate. Heartgard prevents heartworm infection and treats and controls roundworms and hookworms. This product is chewable and may be given with or without food. Veterinarians will usually authorize a maximum of 12 months of heartworm preventative medicine per pet per year to insure proper dosing.


Just like people, older dogs can suffer from arthritis, making it difficult to climb stairs and even walk without stiffness and pain. Symptoms of canine arthritis include stiffness,reluctance to jump, run, stand or climb stairs. But rather than watch your dog suffer doing the things he enjoys, there are drugs that will ease mobility.

One such medication is Deramaxx chewable tablets. These pills will not cure osteoarthritis, but they will help control the pain and inflammation that comes with it. Deramaxx is a prescription non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) of the coxib class. It is flavored to make giving it to your pet a bit easier. Consult with your veterinarian for the proper dosage for your dog's age, breed and weight.

Though no one wants to see their pet suffer from diseases or ailments related to age, thankfully, modern medicine can provide either a cure or some relief from the symptoms that hamper their lives. By taking your dog to annual veterinary check-ups and being an observant pet owner, you can catch any problems before they become unmanageable. Though no one wants to see their dog on medication, these drugs can help not only their quality of life but prolong it as well.

Ultimate Guide To Dog Hot Spots

Hot spots, or moist eczemas, are a less than desirable skin irritation seen in pets. Hot spots occur when your dog itches, scratches or licks him or herself excessively, eventually forming a wet scab on the fur. Cushing's disease in dogs can also be identified as hyperadrenocorticism. The Cushing's syndrome takes location in the situation of around production of adrenal hormone particularly corticosteroids. Its secretion can take place in two situations. First of all it could be a pure procedure whereas in the second circumstance there could a excellent secretion of corticosteroids like prednisone. It is the initial event which proves to be very tough to heal. In situation of the latter circumstance one can just snap the administration of corticosteroid after which the dog's system can return to usual function.


Cushing's disease in dogs normally happens due to two causes.
First of all, a tumor is formed of the adrenal gland which typically creates these adrenal hormones. Secondly, there may well be a stimulation and hence secretion from the adrenal glands from the hormones controlling it.

The Cushing's disease in dogs prospects to enhanced urination, greater consuming, greater appetite, substantial blood stress, panting, hair loss, weakening of the heart, nervous program, skeletal muscles, pendulous abdomen, calcified lumps on the pores and skin, contemplating of the skin color among other different signs and symptoms. In fact, the urination and consumption of drinking water improves to a degree in which the owners discover it difficult to deal with.
The analysis of the Cushing's syndrome can be performed with the aid of a amount of blood checks.

Right after which a confirmatory test in the name of a lower dosage of dexamethasone wants to be undertaken. Typically in circumstance of a typical canine, this test brings about suppression of cortisol levels. However, in circumstance of a canine with Cushing's syndrome, the result would be nil.
In the occasion of analysis, one particular would be able to effortlessly differentiate in between pituitary gland tumors and adrenal tumors.


This would be carried out with help of a 2nd check which would be a substantial dosage of dexamethasone. In situation of a pet suffering from pituitary tumors, it would lead to suppression of cortisol. On the other hand, in the situation of an adrenal gland tumor, most vets favor to take away it. Nonetheless in circumstance of a removal, a specialist will take on the event, considering that the dangers of medical procedures are higher.
The other checks like urine cortisol, creatinine ratios, ACTH response checks and others are also employed to detect and diagnose the Cushing's syndrome. Furthermore, ultra sonography and X-rays are utilized to examine the presence of the adrenal gland in the pet.

Cushing's disease in dogs is unusual and proves to be a very severe disease. Experts and doctors normally claim the living span of a puppy with Cushing's syndrome is two years soon after the prognosis of the identical.
This estimation is stated to be for a canine with or with out remedy.

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One of the final types of canine dermatitis is moist. This condition is characterized by the sudden development of raw, moist areas of skin. This type of dermatitis is most common in hot, humid weather. Environmental dermatitis takes time to pinpoint the exact cause because there are so many reasons for the reaction. Immune-mediated Skin Diseases are maladies result from irregular activity of immune system. These diseases are not contagious. Treatment for this disease is rarely successful. It happens to a dog when it is around 2-4 years old.


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